10 amazing facts about Canada’s geography

Read Original Version (CLB5+) You are reading the Simple Version (CLB3-4)

Skip to:

Canada is vast and full of amazing features. Here are 10 geographical features that make it unique:

  1. Canada has the longest coastline in the world

    Canada’s coastline measures 243,000 km along the shores of 52,455 islands. It will take a person 33 years to stroll Canada’s shorelines at a pace of about 20 km a day.

  2. There are millions of lakes in Canada

    Canada has more lakes than the rest of the world combined. It has as many as two million lakes. Among its largest lakes are Lake Huron in Ontario, Great Bear Lake in the Northwestern Territories and Lake Superior also in Ontario. The largest lakes in Manitoba are Lake Winnipegosis, Lake Manitoba and Lake Winnipeg.

  3. The world’s oldest known rocks can be found here

    A 4.28 billion year old rock was discovered by geologists in the Canadian Shield. It was found on the eastern shore of the Hudson Bay in northern Quebec. This is part of the Canadian Shield. The Shield forms a U-shape extending from Lake Superior in the south to the Arctic islands in the north and from the western part of Canada eastward to Greenland.

  4. We have a version of the Dead Sea

    The Dead Sea in the Middle East is known for water so buoyant you can’t sink. This is because of its high salt content which makes it dense. Canada’s Little Manitou Lake in Saskatchewan is like the Dead Sea. It has mineral salt concentrations of 180,000 mg per litre making it extremely buoyant.

  5. Regina is the geographical centre of North America

    Regina is the closest to the center of the continent at a latitude of 50°27’ N and a longitude of 104°37’ W. It is the capital of Saskatchewan.

  6. Six Canadian cities have more than 1 million residents

    Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton and Ottawa each have more than 1 million residents. Toronto has the biggest population followed by Montreal and Vancouver. Canada has a total population of more than 36 million as of 2018.

  7. Largest and smallest provinces and territories

    Quebec is Canada’s largest province with a total land area of 1.5 million sq. km. Prince Edward Island is the smallest at 5,660 sq. km. Nunavut is the largest among the territories. It measures 2 million sq.km and takes up one-fifth of Canada’s total land area.

  8. Canada is the largest source of freshwater in the world

    Canada has millions of lakes and rivers. One of them is the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. It is one of the largest and deepest estuaries in the world. Its water comes from the Great Lakes which is a series of interconnected freshwater lakes in North America.

  9. You’ll find the largest island within an island here

    Canada has an unnamed island within an island measuring about four acres. It is 75 miles inland from Victoria Island between Nunavut and the Northwestern Territories. It is the eighth largest island in the world.

  10. Tallest mountain peak

    Mount Logan in Yukon is Canada’s tallest mountain at 5,995 metres high (19,551 ft). It is in Kluane National Park and Reserve. It is named after Canadian geologist William Edmond Logan.

  11.  
    Sources: 10 surprising facts about Canada’s geography, Aaron Kylie, Canadian Geographic; 10 interesting facts about the geography of Canada, Manminder Kaur, Geomatics Canada; Great Lakes, P.g. Sly, The Canadian Encyclopedia; The largest and smallest Canadian provinces/territories by area, World Atlas; and Canada at a glance 2018 – Population, Statistics Canada. Retrieved on January 18, 2019.

Back to top

We'd love to hear from you!

Please login to tell us what you think.

Related Learning Activities

Voting in Municipal Elections in Manitoba

Winnipeg City Hall, Manitoba Canada

Voting in any election may seem a little confusing at times. Municipal elections are no exception. Attend this workshop to… Read more »

Voting in Provincial Elections in Manitoba

Golden Boy on top of Manitoba Legislature

Voting in Federal Elections in Canada

red maple leaf with white check mark in the middle

Voting in Canada. Does the thought of this seem overwhelming or complicated? Join this workshop to learn how uncomplicated it… Read more »

Rights and responsibilities of Canadian residents and citizens

Image of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Attend this workshop to learn everything you need to know as a resident or citizen of Canada!

Back to top

CC BY-NC-SAText of this page is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA, unless otherwise marked. Please attribute to English Online Inc. and link back to this page where possible. For images and videos, check the source for licensing information.