10 amazing facts about Canada’s geography

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Canada is vast and full of amazing features. Here are 10 geographical features that make it unique:

  1. Canada has the longest coastline in the world

    Canada’s coastline measures 243,000 km along the shores of 52,455 islands. It will take a person 33 years to stroll Canada’s shorelines at a pace of about 20 km a day!

  2. There are millions of lakes in Canada

    Canada has more lakes than the rest of the world combined. It has as many as two million lakes. Among its largest lakes are Lake Huron in Ontario, Great Bear Lake in the Northwestern Territories and Lake Superior also in Ontario. The largest lakes in Manitoba are Lake Winnipegosis, Lake Manitoba and Lake Winnipeg.

  3. The world’s oldest known rocks can be found here

    A 4.28 billion-year-old rock was discovered by geologists in the Canadian Shield. It was found on the eastern shore of the Hudson Bay in northern Quebec. This is part of the Canadian Shield. The Shield forms a U-shape extending from Lake Superior in the south to the Arctic islands in the north and from the western part of Canada eastward to Greenland.

  4. We have a version of the Dead Sea

    The Dead Sea in the Middle East is known for water so buoyant you can’t sink. This is because of its high salt content which makes it dense. Canada’s Little Manitou Lake in Saskatchewan is like the Dead Sea. It has mineral salt concentrations of 180,000 mg per litre making it extremely buoyant.

  5. Regina is the geographical centre of North America

    Regina is the closest to the center of the continent at a latitude of 50°27’ N and a longitude of 104°37’ W. It is the capital of Saskatchewan.


    A view of Mount Logan from Diablo Lake

    A view of Mount Logan from Diablo Lake by Ron Clausen. CC-BY-SA

  7. Six Canadian cities have more than 1 million residents

    Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton and Ottawa each have more than 1 million residents. Toronto has the biggest population, followed by Montreal and Vancouver. Canada has a total population of more than 37 million as of 2019.

  8. Largest and smallest provinces and territories

    Quebec is Canada’s largest province with a total land area of 1.5 million sq. km. Prince Edward Island is the smallest at 5,660 sq. km. Nunavut is the largest among the territories. It measures 2 million sq.km and takes up one-fifth of Canada’s total land area.

  9. Canada is the largest source of freshwater in the world

    Canada has millions of lakes and rivers. One of them is the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. It is one of the largest and deepest estuaries in the world. Its water comes from the Great Lakes which is a series of interconnected freshwater lakes in North America.

  10. You’ll find the largest island within an island here

    Canada has an unnamed island within an island measuring about four acres. It is 75 miles inland from Victoria Island between Nunavut and the Northwestern Territories. It is the eighth largest island in the world.

  11. Tallest mountain peak

    Mount Logan in Yukon is Canada’s tallest mountain at 5,995 metres high (19,551 ft). It is in Kluane National Park and Reserve. It is named after Canadian geologist William Edmond Logan.

    Sources: 10 surprising facts about Canada’s geography, Aaron Kylie, Canadian Geographic; 10 interesting facts about the geography of Canada, Manminder Kaur, Geomatics Canada; Great Lakes, P.g. Sly, The Canadian Encyclopedia; The largest and smallest Canadian provinces/territories by area, World Atlas; and Canada at a glance 2018 – Population, Statistics Canada. Retrieved on January 18, 2019.

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