Canadian Citizenship Overview

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Quick Facts about Canadian Citizenship

  • The top three source countries for permanent residents in 2017 were India, the Philippines and China (Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada as of March 2018).
  • Canada allows and recognizes dual citizenship.
  • The citizenship test is composed of twenty multiple choice questions related to the guide book.

Preparing and Applying

Canada has a reputation for being safe and economically stable. Its enviable healthcare and educational systems are known the world-over. These are just some of the reasons why Canadian citizenship is one of the most sought after citizenships in the world.

If you’re planning on applying for citizenship soon, follow these steps:

  • First, determine the eligibility requirements.
  • Gather the required documents and read the application instructions.
  • Watch video tutorials by Citizenship and Immigration Canada to guide you in filling out application forms.
  • Obtain and submit an application package for Canadian citizenship. Please note that there are different application packages for adults and minors.
  • You will have to sit for the citizenship test if you are between 18-54 years old when you apply for citizenship. Adults 55 and over don’t need to take the test but they have to attend an interview.
  • To study for the Citizenship Test, download Discover Canada, The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship, available in various formats.

The Citizenship Test

The test will cover:

  • the rights, freedoms and responsibilities of Canadian citizens,
  • Canada’s democracy and ways to take part on Canadian society,
  • Canadian political and military history (including the political history, monarchy and branches of government),
  • Canadian social and cultural history and symbols, and
  • Canadian physical and political geography

To study for the exam, read “Discover Canada, The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship” mentioned above. You can also download Citizenship Study Materials based on the 2011 Discover Canada Study Guide in print or audio format:
Part 1 (33 MB pdf file)
Part 2 (29 MB pdf file)
Part 3 (26 MB pdf file)
Part 4 (17 MB pdf file)

If you need to review, here is a multiple choice test (just cover the answers). If you need more help, Immigrant Centre offers Citizenship classes to help you review.

The Citizenship Ceremony

After passing the citizenship test and meeting the other requirements for citizenship, you will be given a date and time of your citizenship ceremony. The citizenship ceremony is where you will take the Oath of Citizenship and receive your citizenship certificate. Watch the video below to know more about the Citizenship Ceremony:

Article updated April, 2020.

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