5 types of job interviews and how to prepare for them

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Here are five types of job interviews:

  1. Phone Interview:

    What it is: This is often the first step. They will look at details in your resume. They also check how you talk on the phone. It usually lasts 15-30 minutes. After this, you might meet in person.
    Where it is used: Phone interviews are used in many jobs. These include jobs in technology, customer service, sales, and work-from-home jobs.
    How to prepare: Choose a quiet place for the call. Have your resume, notes, and job details with you. Speak clearly. Listen carefully. For more tips, read: How to have a successful phone or Skype interview.

  2. Traditional Interview:

    What it is like: The employer asks a set of questions. They might ask more questions based on your answers.
    Where it is used: It is used in many jobs. It is the most common type of interview. It is good for checking your skills and personality.
    How to prepare: Learn about the company. Look at the job details. Practice answering common interview questions. Use the STAR (Situation, Task, Action, Result) method to answer.

  3. Case Interview:

    What it is like: You will be given a problem to solve. You can ask questions, then explain how you will solve the problem. Learn about case study basics from this video: 20 Case Interview Tips To Get 2x Better Immediately.
    Where it is used: Case interviews are used in jobs where you need to analyze situations. Examples are marketing, finance, and User Experience (UX). It is called whiteboard interviews in UX.
    How to prepare: Practice solving cases. Look online for case interview examples and study them.

  4. Video Interview:

    What it is like: It is like a traditional interview, but on Zoom or Skype. It could also be done by several people who will be in the call.
    Where it is used: Video interviews are used in technology and work-from-home jobs. Big companies use it when candidates are in different places.
    How to prepare: Check your computer and internet connection. Dress well, have a simple background, and keep eye contact with the camera. For more tips, read: How to have a successful phone or Skype interview.

  5. Panel Interview:

    What it is like: Staff from different parts of the company take turns asking questions. It can be three to five people, sometimes more.
    Where it is used: Panel interviews are done in government, schools, healthcare, and big companies. It is used for those applying for high-level jobs.
    How to prepare: Learn about the roles of panel members, if possible. Speak to each one when answering. Use your time well to make sure everyone gets a chance to ask questions.

No matter type of interview, the best way to do well is to be ready, show you are confident, and to just be yourself. You can do it!
Sources: 15 major types of job interviews (plus tips for success), Indeed Career Guide; and 12 Types of Interviews You May Find in a Job Search, Coursera. Accessed September 20, 2023.

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Community Resources

Join Manitoba’s Start’s Interview Skills Workshop. Learn how to prepare for an interview. You will also experience live interview practice. Register today for free.

Do you like practicing by yourself? Use Google’s Interview Warmup. You can practice answering key questions and get feedback after.

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