If you lose your job, the government provides temporary financial assistance while you look for work or upgrade your skills. This is called employment insurance (EI). First off, you must be legally entitled to work in Canada, have a valid Social Insurance number, and remain in Canada during the benefit period. You may be entitled to receive regular EI benefits if you:
- are employed in insurable employment;
- lost your employment through no fault of your own;
- have been without work and without pay for at least seven consecutive days in the last 52 weeks;
- have worked for the required number of insurable hours in the last 52 weeks or since the start of your EI claim, whichever is shorter;
- are ready, willing, and capable of working each day; and
- are actively looking for work.
If you voluntarily left your work, were dismissed for a cause, or are unemployed because you are participating in a dispute, you may not be eligible. To know more about regular EI benefits, go to this link.
There are five other types of EI:
EI Maternity and Parental Benefits – for those who are pregnant, have recently given birth, are adopting a child, or are caring for a newborn.
EI Sickness Benefits – for the sick, injured or quarantined.
EI Compassionate Care Benefits – for those who need to be away from work temporarily to take care of a family member who is critically ill.
EI Benefits for Parents of Critically Ill Children – for parents who have to take leave from work to care for a critically ill or injured child.
EI Fishing Benefits – for qualifying, self-employed fishers who are actively seeking work.
From the community links above, watch the 2 videos by Service Canada on Employment Insurance (EI). Take notes on the videos and answer the following questions.
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1. What is the purpose of the Employment Insurance program?CorrectIncorrect
2. When should a person apply for Employment Insurance?CorrectIncorrect
3. To be eligible for Employment Insurance, one has to be Canadian.CorrectIncorrect
4. What pieces of document will you need to have in order to apply for Employment Insurance?CorrectIncorrect
5. To speed up your Employment Insurance application, visit the nearest Service Canada branch.CorrectIncorrect
6. You will have to provide an explanation if you lost your job because of:CorrectIncorrect
7. Before you submit an Employment Insurance application, you will need to have all the Records of Employment (ROE) for the past one year.CorrectIncorrect
8. While you are on Employment Insurance, you will need to keep a record of:CorrectIncorrect
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