Employees have rights and responsibilities in the workplace. Laws governing issues such as minimum wage, overtime, general holidays, vacation, and ending employment are enforced by the Employment Standards program under the Manitoba Labour and Immigration. These laws include the:
- Employment Standards Code
- Construction Industry Wages Act
- Remembrance Day Act
- Retail Businesses Holiday Closing Act
- Worker Recruitment and Protection Act
It also investigates complaints about violations of these laws.
Most employees in Manitoba are covered by the program except for industries covered by the Federal Government, independent contractors (self-employed persons), and some agricultural workers. Other employees such as construction workers, part-time domestic workers, landscape workers and election workers are entitled to some employment standards, but not all.
There are also other laws and programs that go hand in hand with Employment Standards that protect your rights. These include the Employment Equity Act, which ensures that everyone, regardless of gender, race or capabilities has the right to be treated fairly in the workplace; the Pay Equity Program upholds everybody’s right to receive equal pay for work of equal value; the Workplace Safety and Health Act protects your right to a safe and healthy workplace environment; and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which outlines your basic rights as a human, and how they are recognized and upheld in Canada.
Have your rights been violated?
If you feel that your rights have been violated or if your employer did not pay you correctly, you can inform an Employment Standards Officer, your union representative (if your workplace is unionized), or file a claim. You can also go to the Canadian Human Rights Commission site to file a complaint if you feel you have been discriminated against.
The questions below are based on the Canada Labour Program site (find link in the community links section). Read the following questions carefully and select the best answer for each one.
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1. What are the standard hours of work for an employee in a federally regulated industry?CorrectIncorrect
5. Should an employer decide to terminate a position, they:CorrectIncorrect
2. All employees in Canada are given a day off on New Year’s Day.CorrectIncorrect
3. How many weeks of maternity leave are female employees entitled to?CorrectIncorrect
4. In the event of a death of an immediate family member, federally regulated employees are given:CorrectIncorrect
6. The minimum wage rate is the same across all provinces/territories in Canada.CorrectIncorrect
7. Employers are allowed to make deductions from an employee’s pay if the employee owes them money.CorrectIncorrect
8. Sexual harassment is defined as discriminating someone on the basis of their gender.CorrectIncorrect
9. Some examples of sexual harassment at work include:CorrectIncorrect
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